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The Reggio-Emilia method is named after the region in Italy where it was first developed after World War II. It uses a child-led approach emphasizing curiosity, creativity, and collaboration.
The Reggio-Emilia approach has several fundamental parts. These include the ideas that:
- Children are curious by nature and are capable of learning on their own.
- Children are natural communicators. They should be able to speak through whatever means they desire. This includes language, art, dance, and music.
- Children learn through relationships
- Teachers/caregivers should observe and document the learning process.
- An important goal of Reggio-Emilia is to use collaborative learning to help children become better citizens.
In Reggio-Emilia programs, the environment is seen as the “third teacher” (after parents and caregivers).
- Children thrive in environments that fit their interests and developmental stages.
- The environment is welcoming, beautiful, culturally representative of the community, filled with materials that the children can use in their projects, and embraces nature.
- The layout of the environment promotes relationships, communication, collaboration, and exploration through open-ended play.
- Materials added to the environment promote creativity, thinking skills, problem solving, questions, and experimentation.
For more information about Reggio Emilia schools, visit: ReggioAlliance.org.
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